Here are eight things you need to know about giving birth in the Netherlands

Being pregnant is one of the most exciting yet most frightening experiences in life. If you happen to deliver your baby in the Netherlands, you might need to prepare yourself for a little culture shock.

Dutchies are known for their down-to-earth attitude, and so is their baby delivery system. A Dutch pregnancy revolves around one magic word: natural (well, and eating beschuit met muisjes.) So I plundered 24Baby, the number one website on giving birth in the Netherlands, and compiled this list of stuff you gotta know before that magic moment happens.

Maternity leave in the Netherlands

If you are employed when you get pregnant you are entitled to 16 weeks of maternity leave (zwangerschapsverlof). This is true even if you’re self-employed!

You are also allowed to decide when you start your leave. However, make sure you tell your employer a minimum of two weeks before you intend to take your maternity leave in the Netherlands

READ MORE: Everything you need to know about maternity leave in the Netherlands in 2021

Paternity leave in the Netherlands

in the Netherlands, paternity leave (or partner leave, both of which are referred to by the Dutch government as geboorteverlof) is weirdly short.

You are entitled to five weeks of paternity leave (vaderschapsverlof), for which you get 70% of your regular pay. You could get full pay if your employer is willing to supplement it.

READ MORE: Becoming a father? Here’s everything you need to know about paternity leave in the Netherlands in 2021

The midwife

The Dutch want to medicalise birth as little as possible. Therefore the role of the doctor or a gynecologist is often minimal. Instead, Dutch women put their faith in their midwife (verloskundige).

Finding a midwife that suits your needs and wishes can be a bit of a challenge for expatriates, but the easiest way is asking your general practitioner for a list of local midwives.

When you find a midwife, you will have your first appointment between week 6 to 10 of your pregnancy (zwangerschap). This first contact is the perfect opportunity to discuss how you visualise your perfect labour plan. Waterbirth in your living room? Completely in the range of possibilities.

Your midwife will guide you during your pregnancy and in the end, helps you deliver your baby. If you and your midwife don’t seem to click, you can always choose to switch to another midwife during your pregnancy.

"Yeah, I'm not liking you" Next please!
“Yeah, I’m not liking you” Next please! Image: eyeliam/Wikimedia Commons/CC2.0

Home sweet home

Home births (thuisbevalling) are very common in the Netherlands. In fact, 30% of all births take place at home, making the Netherlands the country with the highest rate of home births in the world!

The keyword here is again natural. A lot of Dutch women find that home births are much more personal and relaxed than giving birth in the clinical environment of a hospital. If you are that rare expatriate that wants to give birth at home, make sure you get yourself a kraampakket. This box contains all the unexpected things you need for giving birth at home.

If only the thought of a Dutch-style home birth makes you nervous, you should make it clear to your midwife you want a hospital birth. Most hospitals have special information events that provide you with a look inside the maternity ward and practical information about going into labor.

You should keep in mind, that if you don’t have a medical indication for a hospital birth, you need to pay a contribution (more than €300) for the costs.

giving birth in the Netherlands
“It’s a boy! That will be €300 please.” Image: Library and Archives Canada/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Giving birth in the Netherlands: no pain, no gain

Dutch women are known for their no-nonsense mentality and extend this point of view towards giving birth. Most Dutch women find that pain relief is something unnecessary, and should not be taken for granted. And that you shouldn’t take it for granted is made painfully clear by the Dutch hospitals.

If your baby decides to show up outside office hours, some hospitals won’t have an anaesthetist available and you can’t expect any pain relief. Getting pain relief during your home birth is not even an option since midwives are not qualified to administer anaesthetics. Luckily, pain is temporary…

Postnatal care, the wonder called kraamzorg

After the hard work of labour is done, you should be out of the hospital within hours. This seems a bit harsh, but there is no need to worry. The Netherlands have an excellent postnatal care system: kraamzorg.

This is a maternity care assistant, who will be your rock for at least a week after the birth. The kraamzorg will help with things like breastfeeding and babycare. This type of postnatal care is something unique to the Netherlands.

Dutch rusk with muisjes

To make your Dutch-style pregnancy complete, you can’t go without eating Dutch rusk with muisjes (literally meaning little mice) after the baby is born. Muisjes are anise seed sprinkles that come in the colors blue (for a boy) and pink (for a girl).

The anise in muisjes was thought to stimulate lactation and was a symbol of fertility. It is a custom that the parents of a newborn baby give rusk with butter and muisjes to all of the baby’s visitors at home, their colleagues and the classmates of their other children. There really is no proper celebration without some food!

giving birth in the Netherlands muisjes
Lekker! Image: mijoko/pixabay.

Make sure you’ve got your stork!

You may have noticed some interesting looking house decorations here and there. These usually consist of the backside of a cuddly stork attached to people’s doors or windows.

No, these are not some avant-garde Christmas/Easter/Halloween decorations, these are just decorations to let your neighbours know that a stork has arrived at your house (carrying a baby of course, how convenient.)

In the Netherlands, the stork has become a symbol of childbirth, so naturally you should have a stuffed stork to mark the occasion!

Have you given birth in the Netherlands? How was your experience? Let us know in the comments below! 

Feature Image: mijoko/Pixabay.
Editor’s Note: This article was originally published in May 2016 and was fully updated in March 2021 for your reading pleasure. 

Heather Court
Heather Court
Heather was born on the Dutch island of St.Maarten and recently traded in her flip flops for snow boots. Her blog mydutchlife.com documents her not so Dutch observations.

20 COMMENTS

  1. The whole “natural” way to me personally sounds like taking things a little too lightly. I have read an article ( in Dutch News), which said that the Netherlands is in fact the only “western” country with the highest mortality rate in births. It’s not difficult to see why. I personally know two cases of home births where everything was going “statistically” fine (they really rely on stats, it’s crazy, each person should be treated as an individual) yet babies died because they weren’t able to get to the hospital fast enough. Midwifed are great when things go as expected but in “special” cases…good luck!! Also, since living here, I have to say that the prenatal and postnatal care of women is incredibly minimum. A disservice to women, really. During my pregnancy I was left to “hope” that everything was going ok while in two other countries I know, friends of mine were receiving a routine monthly check-up (blood work, urine, physical) to monitor things like vitamin intake, sugar in blood, oxygen, microbes. Also, why the heck can’t a woman have access to a comfortable, pain-free, stress-free birth anyway? Science exists to make life easier. There are painkillers now. To me it felt like the hospice system here in NL is really trying to keep the treatment of my needs as cheap as possible. Insurance-friendly rather than pregnant-woman-friendly. Unfair system, after all that money I feed the insurance every month, the people around the insurance were pretty much sending me to give birth, if possible, standing up and as much in the forest as possible.

    • Well, people apparently cannot live without behaving religiously in something. Since it is so untrendy in NL to be religious in a usual sense of the term, they transform this into religious-like approach in other areas – fatalism for example 😉 but hey! Don’t forget that it is no. 1 medical system in Europe (according to some statistics)! So rest assured that it is great, and your case is just a corner case 😉

    • Actually the high mortality rate is a stats glitch which comes from obsessive neonatal care. Calling a childs death where many countries would have dubbed it stillborn.

        • Actually this is not true! We are not great at care for the very early born babies and in this research it was included that in the Netherlands all stillborn babies from 24 weeks and babies to have lost their lives in the first week were counted, where in most other countries they used 26 weeks gestation as limit. Plus some countries with very low infant mortality rate, had a very high maternal death rate. In the combo of both we actually do really well. The us is at third world levels with maternal death rates and being a woman of color puts you even further at risk for adverse outcomes. The article of the newspaper you’re quoting is from a newspaper that sensationalizes these half done researches and had no wish to rectify. Actually the c-section levels have risen and the home births have dropped in rates due to the papers sensationalizing this and pointing the fingers to home birth, where as research shows that for healthy mothers with healthy pregnancy’s giving birth at home gives the best outcomes for mother and baby. However I do feel it’s every woman’s choice to give birth wherever they feel best and if that is in hospital care, please do so. And it’s not the Middle Ages here, we have epidurals and other forms of pain relief available. Pregnancy is just not seen as an illness that needs excessive checkups and if woman want to birth with our pain medication, they are free to try and since it’s not so ingrained in the culture a lot of them do. And they don’t feel like they suffered! But they just feel that they are strong. I mean, biking through the rain with two kids on the bike to take them to school every day and such toughens us up I suppose. But if you’ve had a sleepless night with contractions before things really pick up we have options and we’ve got nothing to prove, so using pain relief isn’t seen as a lesser way to birth, but it’s just not as cut out from the start as in some other countries.

    • Totally agree with everything.
      In 9 months , they haven’t checked my urine ( important as often pregnant women don’t get symptoms and they are dangerous; funny cause I normally have them every 2-3 months, weighed me, or measure my belly.
      This 3 examples are pretty standard in the rest of EU countries, to check that everything goes well.
      Also , here they don’t offer flu vaccination to pregnant women as they consider that we are not risk group …
      This is totally opposed to what other countries such us UK, Spain or even the OMS
      So I had to hear comments and pay for the vaccination apart from my insurance.
      What’s more alarming , it is to hear from the midwife “ well, it is not necessary and it is also not innocuous to the baby “
      The aim of doing things as natural as possible, sometimes makes the situation absurd. Getting false medical information from a profesional is outrageous. ( me being a nurse , makes it all a bit scary/ annoying/
      Also, the only echo done was at 20 weeks.
      And other thing that alarms me pretty much, is that postnatal check up 6 weeks after won’t be done by a gynaecologist but from a midwife.

      Sometimes I Think that the Reason behind this is “saving money”. As this is all private insurance companies.
      Sometimes I want to think that there is a good reason behind it , that my small healthcare professional that has worked in 2 EU countries, doesn’t get to understand.

      • What you describe to me just seems like you had a sub-par midwife.

        In our situation they weighed my wife a few times over the months, checked blood values multiple times, measured the belly every appointment after 28 weeks etc. It’s standard to have two ultrasounds, at 12 weeks and 20 weeks and there can be more depending on the situation.

  2. kraamzorg is not unique, it exists in Hungary, too and lasts many years. The person in charge pays weekly visits to the mother in the first couple of months and monthly visits later.

  3. I am Dutch, but had my first two babies in the US. It was fantastic, partly due to the fact that I lived on a small island with a great community. Both me and my husband stayed in the hospital for 3 days, but the room felt more like a cozy hotel room and the care was perfect. Our third child was born in the Netherlands and due to the fact I had a medical indication (second birth was a bit troublesome) I wasn’t allowed to deliver at home. I didn’t like the part in the hospital at all, but coming home to the ‘kraamhulp’ was a fantastic experience, especially with a 1-year-old and a three-year-old. She did the laundry, picked up the 3-year-old from preschool, prepared dinner and cleaned the house a bit. She also took care of visitors and of course of me and my baby girl. I cried when she left, 8 days later. All in all, the differences weren’t that huge to me.

  4. As a Dutch woman, I have been very grateful to have given birth, in a hospital, in the United States. Had I not been in the hospital, I would have died in childbirth. After 40 hours of labor I finally delivered my son via c-section as I never dialated more then 2cm and my son was stuck in the birth canal. I would have not been so lucky had I delivered at home with a midwife. Aftercare is amazing in the Netherlands, I won’t disputed that (beschuit met muisjes are yummy too) but many things are not. And by the way, giving birth without pain medication is something straight out of the Middle Ages. How about men having a “natural” vasectomy without anesthesia- no pain no gain right?

  5. Thanks for the article. Could you please recommend me the exact hospitals who practice the VBAC protocol in Netherlands? How much could it cost for the foreigner without medical insurance? (I am from Ukraine)

  6. Thanks for all this info! I have a few questions I’m hoping you could help with… I’d like to have a C-section. Are there special requirements one needs to fulfil such as an approved gynocologist recommendation, do we need to pay for it privately or does my insurance ( normal Dutch insurance ) cover it?

    • As far as I know you can not get a C-section on request in the Netherlands. Only with medical indication (one being having had a previous C-section, but even the the hospital will try to steer you towards natural childbirth).
      It is very archaic.

  7. I can’t agree to the most comments at all. I love the Dutch system and that they treat a pregnant woman as natural and not as sick as most other countries. So why you should go to a doctor ? Woman nowadays totally lost their power in giving birth and give all responsibility to other people like doctors . Within enter the hospital they give all control to them and let them decide about their body and birth.
    Giving birth is such an incredible experience and was for me the most incredible moment of my life . Thanks to the Netherlands even I was medical as my little one was in breech I could birth him calmly and in the way I decided to. No painkiller , oxytocine or other interventions . Next hopefully will be the homebirth I wished for.

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