It’s rare to see any real patriotism in the Netherlands, with a permanently ingrained fear of nationalism from WWII, but we can confirm the Dutch do put some thought into their flags. Curious about the colours, the lack of orange, and anything else flag related in the Netherlands? Read on!
The official, internationally recognised Dutch flag is red, white and blue. However, you may have seen several other variants and uses. What are they, and how did they get here?
Dutch flags: the orange, white and blue
You may have seen the Dutch flag with an orange stripe instead of a red one. Let’s be clear: that is not entirely without controversy.
This particular flag was first waved by Buccaneer Rebels known as the Geuzen (don’t bother trying to pronounce it!) who helped liberate the Netherlands from Spanish Rule in the 16th century with a little help from a man named William of Orange. So far so good, right? Well, wrong – someone had to ruin it.
In the 1930’s, a small party called the NSB (National Socialist Movement) was starting to rise in the Netherlands. The NSB announced in the early 30’s that the “Orange, Blanche, Blue” was the only real Dutch flag and started displaying it at many of their events.
In an act of defiance the Dutch Royal House, by name of Queen Wilhelmina, put a law into effect that the Red, White and Blue was the only real Dutch flag and always would be.
The NSB however had some very powerful friends in a neighbouring country – the Nazis. And when Holland was trampled and completely tarnished for resisting in 1940 the NSB managed to convince the Nazi party that they should be at the helm of the country (under the ever watchful eyes of the German occupation force.)
Interestingly, the Nazis decided not to succumb to the NSB’s fiery wish of an orange-stripe, but kept the red-stripe, though they heavily restricted any real use of the Dutch flag because the Third Reich had great plans to permanently absorb the Netherlands into its homelands. Something that never worked and caused much friction and suffering during the years of occupation.
As a result however the Orange-stripe on the flag is often still used by the rare few racist groups that are active in Holland, who often honour the NSB and those of the German Occupation Force that lost their lives on Dutch soil.
As such, even though the “Orange Flag” has an honourable beginning as part of Dutch resistance and independence, it was tarnished by Nazi sympathisers and many Dutch are a little spooked when confronted with said flag. Thanks a lot, Nazi-scum!
Still, you will often find the flag on old paintings of the brave Geuzen-buccaneers fighting Spanish war ships or Dutch merchant ships sailing for the East – though in case of the latter the Orange was not a result of intention but simply a faded Red-stripe from bleaching in tropical sun and salt ocean water.
Dutch flags: the tiny orange pennant
But there’s still a speck of orange today: a little, independent orange pennant that is sometimes hung above the red, white and blue flag to celebrate the House of Orange, the Dutch Royal House who, indeed – trace back to that same William of Orange and his Buccaneer partners. Avast ye’ Hollanders and Zeelanders, drown those Spaniards!
Dutch flags: half-mast
If the flag is half-mast, be aware that there is some sort of national – or at least regional – mourning and that official permission has been given for public display. You will mostly see this during the 4th of May, during the Remembrance of the Dead (WWII), or after national tragedies such as the MH-17 downing over the Ukraine.
Of course, any deaths in the Royal Family or exceptionally important political figures (still in function) will also usually bring the half-mast flag with it. So, be aware, the Dutch may not be in their happiest mood that day – it’s there for a reason!
Dutch flags: celebrating the good times
Last, but not least, the Dutch also use their flags for ‘once in a lifetime achievements’ – graduate high school? Hang the flag high with your backpack attached to it! Got a new baby? Hang that flag to show a new Dutch citizen has just been born! Did you eat too much fries at your favourite greasy, Amsterdam snack store while drunk and now you have to throw up? …Don’t, just don’t.
Dutch flags: inspiring others?
Oh, and yes – the flag of New York City is blue, white and orange in reference to its Dutch history while the flag of tiny Luxembourg is red, white and light-blue because it used to be part of the Netherlands before Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg separated. Yes, for real, the Netherlands actually used to be a medium-sized European country. Good times…
Feature Image: Ben_Kerckx/Pixabay
Editor’s Note: this article was originally published on 3rd November 2017, and was updated 6th October 2019 for your reading pleasure.